How do you stop a student from killing his teacher?
It’s an old question, and one that has been asked a lot in recent years.
But new research is shedding some light on how schools are actually preparing for this threat.
The answers are pretty simple: use more classroom security, make more safe spaces and use more devices like iPads.
Here’s how to get started.
Determine if you have a school shooter In the US, the average school shooter has been a teacher, a teacher’s aide or an instructor at a public or private school.
But there are other ways to stop one.
Some states have policies that mandate teachers to be on duty for up to three hours during the day and for three hours after school, or that require teachers to use security cameras.
In the past, it has been common for schools to put security cameras in classrooms to prevent a student gunman from gaining access.
In recent years, the number of teachers on duty has dropped, but teachers still remain on duty to protect their students.
Secure your school and your classroom When you think of school security, you probably think of armed guards, barricades and metal detectors.
But you can also use these tools to prevent an attack, says Brian O’Leary, senior lecturer at the University of Queensland’s Faculty of Science.
“You can build barriers and lockdowns, which will increase the level of security,” he says.
In fact, he suggests using locks and keys that are easily identifiable, and use them with a “suspicionless” approach.
Get trained to respond to a school-based threat Most schools, even those that have no students, are required to have a “critical incident response team” (CISR) to respond after a school is hit.
This team is comprised of a principal, security officer and the school’s principal, and it is responsible for coordinating the response, identifying threats, and helping to identify potential students or staff.
This CISR team is also responsible for identifying the most serious threats and is also used for “policing” a school, says Mr O’Donnell.
“It is important to consider the level and type of risk and whether a particular school is particularly vulnerable,” he adds.
A key question is how much training the CISR can provide.
“I would say it is probably the most important thing that a school can do,” Mr O,Donnell says.
“The CISR is a great resource to get people trained to get on board and respond, but it is also a very important tool to have in place.”
Use technology to protect your classroom The majority of schools don’t use technology like cameras or security cameras to deter a student, says O’Halloran.
“We often say that in the case of an incident like this, there are two things you need to do.
One is get trained and trained in the use of the technology.
And then you have to get the appropriate training from your staff and other students,” he explains.
“That’s a lot of training.”
If a student decides to take a student hostage, he will use a gun, and if he decides to use force, he needs to be trained in how to use a weapon and what to do if a student tries to resist.
Educate your students and staff How do schools make their staff safer?
“One thing I’ve noticed is that many schools have a lot more security staff than they used to,” says Mr McKeon.
“They tend to have more guards on the premises, and you see a lot less students roaming the halls.
You’ll also see more staff sitting in classrooms or at desks,” he points out.
“Teachers and principals need to be able to tell the difference between a hostage situation and a normal school day.”
Mr O is also looking into how to help schools to get their staff trained and equipped.
“For the most part, it’s all about training your staff,” he notes.
“In the case that you need an extra staff member or a security officer, they’ll need to have some training.
They’ll need a good safety kit.
They need to wear body armour.”
Prepare for a mass shooting A school shooting is not uncommon in the US and other countries, but not so much in Australia, says Dr O’Brien.
“Schools in Australia have some very strict policies that are fairly stringent, and so the response is different to how they respond to mass shootings elsewhere in the world,” he suggests.
“But you can do some things to make sure that you have some kind of plan in place if a school does have a mass shooter,” he continues.
“Make sure you have staff around, be prepared, and be ready to respond if something does happen.”
Get your kids to stay safe You don’t want your kids thinking that if they leave the school building, they can’t return safely,